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Clinical Microbiology is a more advanced subject, which covers clinical medicine, basic medicine and preventive medicine, as well as a major in the development of laboratory medicine. Clinical Microbiology requires microbiology physicians to work jointly with experimental technologists, while the clinical microbiology staff should not only complete the work in the laboratory, but also complete a series of clinical related tasks.
Clinical application of microbiology in nosocomial infection monitoring. Results A total of 9 species of microorganisms were detected in all patients, Clinical Microbiology the most common being Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus and Shara bacteria. Conclusion Microbiological examination plays an important role in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and monitoring of nosocomial infections.
Clinical Microbiology is a bridge discipline between foundation and clinic, the importance of clinical microbes: microbes are ubiquitous (hospitals), microorganisms are the direct cause of many diseases, microbes are the reference for the development and return of most diseases, Clinical Microbiology and even become the main cause of death, Clinical Microbiology the more critical patients it is the more active participation.
I. Importance of Clinical Microbiology
(a) The relationship between microorganism and common disease and frequently-occurring disease
1, tuberculosis, viral hepatitis, dental caries and periodontal disease, venereal disease, etc. Clinical Microbiology are cited by pathogenic microorganisms.
1/3 people (about 2 billion) are infected with TB, if no measures have been taken, 300 million people have been infected in the last 10 years, 20,000,095 TB people in developing countries, new $number million patients each year, 75% age in 15~50岁 per day to die from TB 8000 people, 3 million per year, Clinical Microbiology 98% in developing countries infection rate of 44.5% (2000 survey), infected with 550 million. The existing TB patients (active) 4.5 million people die from TB 127,000 people each year, the cause of death in the countryside 9th place, the single disease species 1th. 21.6% of them were never treated.
(2) Viral hepatitis
There are many, the most harmful to B and C. Only hepatitis B infection rate is more than 10%, that is, there are more than 100 million HBSAG carriers, chronic hepatitis B more than 30 million
(3) Caries and periodontal disease
The Who is ranked as the three most important non-communicable diseases after cardiovascular disease and cancer. Dental caries is caused by Streptococcus mutans, Clinical Microbiology and the prevalence rate of dental caries among Chinese students is 13.9% by anaerobic bacteria.
(4) Sexually transmitted diseases
AIDS: The total number of patients in the world at the end of 2000 was 36.1 million, the number of deaths reached 21.8 million, 95% in developing countries. In the first half of 2002, the total number of infections reached 1 million, and if no effective measures were taken, 2010 would reach 10 million. Other gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, non gonococcal urethritis, and so on, Clinical Microbiology the incidence of greater growth.
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