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The Role Of Clinical Microbiology In Etiological Diagnosis
Sep 12, 2017

Clinical microbiology is the interdisciplinary of clinical medicine, basic medicine and preventive medicine, and one of the important and mature professions in the laboratory medicine.

Clinical Microbiology is a bridge discipline between foundation and clinic, the importance of clinical microbes: microbes are ubiquitous (hospitals), microorganisms are the direct cause of many diseases, microbes are the reference for the development and return of most diseases, Clinical Microbiology and even become the main cause of death, the more critical patients it is the more active participation.

Clinical Microbiology is a more advanced subject, which covers clinical medicine, basic medicine and preventive medicine, as well as a major in the development of laboratory medicine. Clinical Microbiology requires the joint work of Clinical microbiology physicians and laboratory technologists, Clinical Microbiology while the clinical microbiology staff should not only complete the work in the laboratory, but also complete a series of clinical related work.

The role of clinical microbiology in etiological diagnosis

Effective specimen collection is the most important part of the diagnosis of infectious diseases, which requires the accurate collection of clinicians to reflect the clinical specimens of the infected sites, Clinical Microbiology and the use of containers, protective swabs and media to prevent the specimen from dying due to environmental factors.

Mastering the normal flora in vivo is a prerequisite for bacterial testing, Clinical Microbiology to master the basic shape, species and distribution of normal flora, and to understand the basic knowledge of pathogenic bacteria and flora disorders, do not isolate the specimens from bacteria as pathogens, Clinical Microbiology but also can not ignore the normal bacteria caused by endogenous infection.

Although the separation and identification of microorganisms is still a hard index of pathogen detection, however, this "live bacteria growth" as the basic routine of bacteriological identification means slow, Clinical Microbiology but also unable to adapt to the actual clinical needs, we now lack the direct examination of specimens, such as staining, morphology, antigen detection, PCR and 16 Srrna analysis, focus on rapid diagnosis.

As far as possible, the laboratory parameters can be effectively converted into useful clinical information, the pathogenic microbial diagnostic parameters to implement a layered reporting mechanism, that is, Clinical Microbiology the first time a smear and culture-positive results were reported.

The Clinical microbiology laboratory must deepen the quality control, ensure the inspection quality of different specimens, give the effective basis for clinic, and also meet the clinical need. At present, the clinical microbiology laboratory should be based on the actual situation, including: bacteriological screening of respiratory tract specimens and semi-quantitative culture measures, atypical pathogen detection of respiratory tract, Clinical Microbiology culture of non-Mycobacterium tuberculosis and drug susceptibility test; rapid detection and drug susceptibility test of sleeping fungus Immune suppression and the detection of special pathogens in organ transplant patients.

The main factors that affect the role of clinical microorganisms in infection control include: If you go out of the lab, you should keep a good relationship with the clinic, do the general clinical microbiological examination, deepen the positive rate of the specimen, reduce the report time of the result, Clinical Microbiology and improve the match between the test result and the clinical treatment result. To deepen the mission, The basic contents of clinical microbiology are popularized in medical workers, Clinical Microbiology and scientific explanations are given to the results of examination, and the results of microbiological examination are assisted by clinical analysis.